Mexican general and statesman Antonio López de Santa Anna, full name Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón, (born February 21, 1794, Jalapa, Mexico—died June 21, 1876, Mexico City), was at the epicenter of Mexican politics during events such as the Texas Revolution (1835–36) and the Mexican-American War ( 1846–48).
What actions did the Mexican government take in response to the Texas Revolutionary War?
- The Texas Revolution is a political movement that began in the state of Texas in 1836. While the rebellion in Texas was part of a wider movement that encompassed other provinces that were opposed to the rule of President Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Mexican government felt the United States was behind it with the objective of annexing the state. After the Tornel Decree was issued by the Mexican Congress,
Which Mexican leader was defeated in the Texas Revolution?
A Mexican army of around 1,200–1,300 troops under Antonio López de Santa Anna was defeated by a force of approximately 900 men (most of whom were fresh American immigrants in Texas) under the command of Gen. Sam Houston on April 21, 1836, at the Battle of San Jacinto.
Who was president of Mexico during the Alamo?
It took 13 days for Mexican forces under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna to retake the Alamo Mission at San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas, United States), killing the vast majority of the Texans and Tejanos who had been held captive inside the mission.
Who was the leader of the First Mexican Empire?
As a military commander in Mexico, Agustin de Iturbide rose to become the empire’s only ruler in September 1821, when the country earned independence from Spain under his supervision.
Who was the hero of the Texas Revolution?
Juan Seguen was a hero of the Texas Revolution and is remembered today. A political and military figure throughout the Texas Revolution and in the early days of the Republic, he was well-known across the state of Texas.
What is Sam Houston’s birthday?
(born March 2, 1793, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 26, 1863, Huntsville, Texas), American lawyer and politician who was a leader in the Texas Revolution (1834–36) and later served as president of the Republic of Texas (1836–38; 1841–44), as well as being instrumental in the state’s annexation by the United States.
Did Sam Houston fight at the Alamo?
Battle for Texas Independence: Sam Houston’s Campaign for Texas Independence. “Remember the Alamo,” as the saying goes, is well-known. Do you have any idea what that means? Houston’s army won a brief fight against the Mexican soldiers at San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, as a result of the Texans’ humiliating defeat at the Alamo. The victory resulted in Texas gaining its independence from Mexico.
Who did Santa Anna marry?
He was laid to rest at Tepeyac Cemetery, which is located near Guadalupe Hidalgo. San Antonio de Santa Anna was married twice: first to Inés Garca in 1825 and, a few months after the death of his first wife in 1844, to Mara de Tosta, who was his second wife and the mother of his sons. Please consider making a donation to the Handbook of Texas. TSHA is a 501(c)(3) Non-Profit Organization that promotes health and wellness.
Who are the Alamo attackers?
On April 21, 1836, the Texan Troops under Sam Houston launched an attack on Santa Anna’s army on the banks of the San Jacinto River, chanting “Remember the Alamo!” as they advanced. Keep Goliath in mind! “Thank you, God, and Texas!” Only 18 minutes had passed by when the combat ended in a spectacular triumph for the Texans.
Why did Santana sold part of Mexico?
However, Santa Anna refused to sell a large portion of Mexico because he needed the money to fund an army to put down ongoing rebellions. On December 30, 1853, however, he and Gadsden signed a treaty stipulating that the United States would pay $15 million for 45,000 square miles south of the New Mexico territory and assume private American property rights.
How did the Alamo end?
The Battle of the Alamo comes to a grisly conclusion on March 6, 1836, following 13 days of sporadic warfare and marking the culmination of a watershed moment in the Texas Revolution. Mexican soldiers were successful in recapturing the fort, and virtually all of the approximately 200 Texan defenders—including frontiersman Davy Crockett—were killed in the process.
Did Mexico ever have a queen?
Mexico established an independent monarchy in 1821, following the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire from Spain. This period was known as the First Mexican Empire (1822–1823). During the Second Mexican Empire (1864–1867), Mexico temporarily resorted to monarchy in the 1860s, for a brief while.
Who is king of Mexico?
Count Maximilian von Götzen-Iturbide, great-grandson of Salvador de Iturbide y de Marzán, is the current pretender to the Mexican throne, who claims to be the legitimate heir to both the First and Second Empires.